15M – ASSEMBLY IN LONDON: SPAIN AND THE MONARCHY

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August 2012

15M – ASSEMBLY IN LONDON: SPAIN AND THE MONARCHY

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15M MOVEMENT: Consensus Assembly Sol 20th of may 2011

Asamblea 15M Madrid

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Relationship between Spanish King Juan Carlos I and Franco´s dictatorship

Juan Carlos Borbón and Francisco Franco, 1973.

SARA HIDALGO GARCÍA
PhD Candidate at the University of the Basque Country

Good afternoon, my name is Sara Hidalgo. I am a PHD candidate at the University of the Basque Country. I am doing a research about working class movement in some industrial areas of the Basque Country from the beginning of the XXth century to the II Republic period.
First of all I would like to thank the organization of this event for inviting me to give this speech. I am going to speak about the relationship between the Spanish monarchy and Franco dictatorship. I would like to note that I am not going to speak about the repression and the lack of democracy happened during the dictatorship, even if they happened. However, I´m going to analyze the different laws that allowed Prince Juan Carlos become King of Spain. Sigue leyendo

15M Movement – Proposals

NI - NI                          Young people have no confidence in the two major parties.  May be the end of the two-party system in Spain?

15M – Consensus Assembly Sun May 20, 2011

The following contains a set of proposals that synthesize the thousands that were collected by the Assembly held on May 20, 2011 in Camping Sol (Madrid).

As a result of the consensus reached at the Assembly held on May 20, 2011 in CAMPING SOL (Madrid), and as a result of the compilation and synthesis of the thousands of proposals received along these days, has developed an initial list of proposals. We recall that the Assembly is an open and collaborative process. This list should not be regarded as closed.

Proposals approved in the Assembly today May 20, 2011 in CAMPING SOL (Madrid).

1. Changing the Electoral Act so that the lists are open and single constituency. Obtaining seats should be proportional to the number of votes.

2. Attention to the basic and fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution such as:

2.1 Right to adequate housing , articulating a reform of the Mortgage Act for the delivery of housing in the event of default debt cancellation.

2.2 Public health , free and universal.

2.3 Free movement of persons and strengthening of a public education and secular.

3. Abolition of discriminatory and unjust laws and measures such as the Law of the Bologna Process and the European Higher Education, the Aliens Act and the so-called Sinde Law .

4. Favorable tax reform to lower incomes, reform estate taxes and probate. Implementing the Tobin tax , which is levied on international financial transfers and elimination of tax havens .

5. Reform of the working conditions of the political class for their salaries Abolish lifetime. Programs and policy proposals are binding.

6. Rejection and condemnation of corruption. That is required by the Electoral Act present a clean and free of lists accused or convicted of corruption .

7. Measures plural with respect to banking and financial markets in accordance with Article 128 of the Constitution, which states that “all the wealth of the country in its different forms and whatever its ownership subordinated to the general interest.” Reducing the power of the IMF   and the ECB . Immediate   nationalization  of all the banks that have had to be rescued by the state. Tougher   controls on financial institutions and operations to prevent abuses in any form.

8. Real separation between the Church and the State, as required by Article 16 of the Constitution.

9. Participatory democracy and direct in which citizens take an active part. Access to popular media , to be ethical and truthful.

10. True regularization of working conditions and compliance is monitored by state powers.

11. Closure of all nuclear power plants and the promotion of renewable energies and free.

12. Recovery of public enterprises privatized.

13. Effective separation of executive, legislative and judicial branches.

14. Reduction in military spending , immediate closure of arms factories and greater control of the security forces and the state. As we in the peace movement “No to war”.

15. Recovery of Historical Memory and the founding principles of the struggle for democracy in our state.

16. Total transparency of accounts and financing of political parties as a measure of containment of political corruption.

 

TOP 21 – SPAIN XXI CENTURY:

To give an overview, a list of the 20 most frequent groups of proposals within a total of 14,679 proposals presented below:

  1. Abolition of privileges of politicians : 741
  2. Reform of the electoral law (not the law Hondt and districts ): 628
  3. Measures against corruption (including more control and increased penalties ): 624
  4. Public Education 551
  5. Improving the working conditions of workers : 475
  6. Regulation of banking and financial system (including bank nationalization -111 – and payment in -100 -): 434
  7. Strategies for sustainable energy : 352
  8. Direct democracy via public participation , referendums and Legislative Initiatives Popular : 330
  9. Strategies for sustainable mobility : 297
  10. Housing decent and affordable: 272
  11. Open electoral rolls : 246
  12. Public health : 244
  13. Protection and animal rights : 238
  14. Pro-public company (not including privatization and nationalization of private enterprises or privatized ): 214
  15. Measures to ensure political accountability : 195
  16. Secular education : 158
  17. Remove the monarchy : 128
  18. Separation of powers : 119
  19. Regulation of wages higher: 119
  20. Requiring political requirements : 116
  21. Transparency in administration: 105

 

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Assembly in London “Spain and the monarchy” – Invitation

15M LONDON and OCCUPY LONDON
Invites you

GENERAL ASSEMBLY
23TH JUNE 2012 – 17:00

“SPAIN AND THE MONARCHY”
St. Paul Cathedral Square
– London

Speakers:

·Mrs. Sara Hidalgo García – Contemporary History Researcher,
Country Basque University.

·Mr. Ruben García Pedraza – Graduated in Science of Education,
Universidad Complutense de Madrid, specialty in History of Education.

Mr. Steve Freeman – From “Republican Socialists” (UK)

_____

Spain: Why we ask for a Monarchy Referendum?

Did you know that the current Spanish Monarchy
was imposed by the fascist dictator Francisco Franco in 1975?

There is a possibility of Juan Carlos de Borbon abdicating,
in favour of his son Felipe, who would reign as Felipe VI.

 Many Spanish people demand a democratic free Referendum
so we can decide on our state model:
a Monarchy or Spanish Federal Republic.

 We must leave behind Franco’s shadow heritage!
We want to discuss and debate this!

Neither altar nor throne: Another Spain is possible!

A little republican letter from Spain to Occupy London

 Rubén García Pedraza, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Tricolor en mani 14 de abril

Good afternoon, dear friends,

I was very pleased to be here with you, this summer afternoon, in your Assembly, and today my assembly too, very similar to others Assemblies, like the General Assembly in Puerta del Sol, Madrid, every month, every week, every Sunday after the fifteen of may of the last year.
One day, all of us, witness of theses days of Social Revolution, when we will look back and see all what is happening now, we remember theses days perhaps like the best days of our life, here, living all together, feeling all together, in the streets, in the squares, in the squats centres, after the mass demonstrations, after the riots, smiling, crying, loving each other like brotherhoods, like comrades, like lovers who are experimenting their first kiss, their first time, their first date, the first day of ours life, yes , this is the feeling that sometimes I feel when I think about all what is happening now, from Egypt to New York, all together, because we are the ninety nine percent.

Sigue leyendo

The Spanish Republic

The Spanish Republic – Steve Freeman

Republican-Flags

The Spanish and English republican flags

Speech by Steve Freeman from Occupy London’s Real Democracy Working Group to the meeting held on 23 June 2012 outside St Pauls Cathedral, London, on the sight formerly held by the Occupy London camp.

 

“I think it is very important to remember that many people from this country went with the International Brigades to fight for the Spanish republic. And they would have seen this flag [pointing to the red, yellow and purple tricolor] in Spain themselves when they were part of that struggle.

 So it is fantastic that that flag should today come back here, because there is a real historical connection between the people of England and the people of Spain. And that [pointing to the red, yellow and purple tricolor] is a big reminder of that historic connection.

And another way we have that connection is of course the 15M movement in Spain, the Occupy movement in Spain, of course, was great inspiration, spreading over to America [Occupy Wall Street] and to the Occupy movement that we have been involved in here in this country.

 So it is really good that we in the Real Democracy Group have been able to make a contact with our Spanish friends and comrades, as it were, to be able to have them here to speak to us today and to remake that link.

Because republicanism is essentially about people governing themselves – it is about the power of the people. It means we do not believe in bureaucrats, in monarchies, in armed forces, in politicians ruling us. We believe in the rule of the people – that is the essence of republicanism.

 And even though this [Spanish] republic was defeated and crushed, it is inevitable that when the people of Spain begin to struggle again, begin to search for democracy again, they will find their way back to their history and the struggles that have affected them in the past, bringing that history back.

 The flag here of course [pointing to the red, violet and green tricolor] also connects with our history. Some of us have been promoting this idea of a flag that connects together our own democratic history – the history of the Levellers (Green -1648-9] who fought for a republic in English civil war – the Chartists [red and green] who [in the 19th century] fought for the right for people in this country, working class people, to have the vote – and the Suffragettes who fought in this country for the right for women to have the vote.

 And that is part of our democratic tradition. So it is fantastic that we should see these two flags [Spanish and English republican flags] together, and that [pointing to the Spanish republican flag] really means such a lot for the people in this country who fought in Spain in the 1930s.

Thank you very much”

Steve Freeman.

London, June 23th, 2012.

http://www.republicansocialists.org.uk/