“The Republic that we want”- Survey

150px-LibertyEqualityorDeath

The Republic that we want”- Survey

Introduction

After 40 years under a dictatorship, Spain shyly started walking towards democracy. Looking at what we used to have, we achieved a lot; looking at all the way that remains ahead, we astonishingly realized that we were already starting to acquiesce in the minimums and almost had resigden to the “demo” (a sort of  simulation of democracy…) but now we are going for the “cracia”, for the power of the people.

No crown, no heir, democracy means people”.

The Republic

Republic comes from the latin term “res” thing, that is public, which belongs to the “populus” or people,  it means that the people holds the power, and they  temporary  delageate it on their representants. This is an essential difference betwen monarchical governments where the attribution of sovereign is lifelong and often, hereditary.

One essential characteristic of a  republican government  is the constitutionally stablished ,power divission into three different ones according to their specific functions: an administrative body, represented by the  Executive Power, a “law making one”, called Legislative Power and another one whose mission is applying those laws in the specific cases where their aprreciation is needed, the Judicial Power.

Other characteristics of the Republic, are:

  • All citizens are equal before the law .
  • The governors must be responsible before the people who chose them, for their acts of governance.
  • The need  that every act of governance is public (transparency); which means that those must not be secret, but expounded to the citizens so that these can be controlled.  

The essential pillars of the Republic

The three essential pillars of te Republic according to Aristotle are:

  • The power divission and its reciprocal control.
  • The political active participation  by the citizens. These means, thetransparency of every State act, the instruction on basic aspects of  politic culture  and the exigence of liabilities to the governers.
  • The representation of every social class inside the government institutions with equal attributions and prevalence of none.  (Access  to those judgeships must be restricted, and they will necessarely be collegiated according to the affected field, the magistrate must belong to the class he/she representates and be chosen exclusively through their vote).

It must be considered that for Aristote, the supreme aims of any form of government should be:

  • Freedom = Equality (“we only are free among equals)”
  • The  realization of justice and common good.
  • The full realization of human cognitive skills development (for which he judges necesary the fulfilment of the two prior points, following Socrates‘ essential concept [GOOD=TRUTH. According to which  good is equal to  truth and bad to ignorance ]
  • Out of this, we can deduce that if we are only free among equals there must not be a governing class, but every class must govern equally

Republic and Democracy

The term democracy comes from the ancient greek (dḗmos, which translates as “people”) and κράτος (krátos, which translates as “power”).

This way, republic is the governance of the law; while democracy means the governance of the people.

Thus, democracy admits gradation, meaning that there can be forms of government that are closer to the idea of Equality = Freedom; since laws are made for citizens and by citizens.  

Democracy’s basic definition: in order that a government can be considered minimally  democratic, it needs to have at least: male and female universal suffrage; free, competitive, recurring and correct ellections; more than one party; and more than one source of information.

In the sphere of the democracies that are above that minimum treshold, it is necessary to annalize how far they have gone or can go in the process of the finest fulfillment of the two main objectives of the ideal democracy: freedom and equality

A quality democracy is the one that develops satisfactorily the procedures designed to favor freedom and political and social equality, and whose public policies meet the demands of the citizens.”

Democratic Development: Political participation mechanisms

It’s not just about voting every 4 yearswe have to demand, we have to get involved, we have to supervise,  we have to compel that responsabilities are assumed, we have to be awake, we have to listen, debate, get informed, we have to “fight” for democracy!

These are some ways of direct participation, they are mechanisms of opinion and public ellection.

  • Popular initiative: The right given to the citizenship to present draft legislation proposals before the correspondant public institution.
  • Referendum: A direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to eiter accept or reject a particular proposal or to revoke or not a norm already in force.
  • Popular consultation: The mechanism trough which the President, the Governor, the Major or other governing personality can ask a question about a general domain, about an issue of national or regional relevance, etc. to the citizens so that they can formally state their opinion.
  • Open cabildo: The public meeting of the district or municipal councils or local administrative boards where inhabitants can directly participate in order to debate matters of public interest for the comunity.
  • Impeachment : The political right by which citizens can remove a Governor or a Major from office.

         The survey will be published after the summer or once a significant sample is           obtained.  At the end of the survey, you must press the “finish survey” button to remain registered responses.  See abreviated list of related terms after the survey (Look below for more information)

Link to survey: http://cort.as/9gSv 

THE REPUBLIC THAT WE WANT-  Survey:

Abreviated list of related terms (links available):

I CHOSE: I, REPUBLIC

                      WE DON’T WANT TO BE SUBJECTS, WE WANT TO BE  CITIZENS:                      WE CHOSE REPUBLIC.

BYE MONARCHY: WE CHOSE  REPUBLIC.

WE WORK TOGETHER FOR THE SPANISH FEDERAL REPUBLIC!

Thank you very much for your participation!

Email: destinorepublicano@gmail.com

Twitter: @destinorepublic  

#Larepublicaquequeremos

Anuncios

MANIFESTACIÓN REPUBLICANA – Madrid, 7 de Junio 2014

 MANIFESTACIÓN REPUBLICANA – MADRID

Demonstration In Madrid Against Monarchy 

SÁBADO 7 DE JUNIO – 19:00  MADRID CIBELES => SOL

¡TODOS A LA MANIFESTACIÓN EL 7 DE JUNIO EN MADRID! 

cartel-mani-7-junio

¡¡¡REFERENDUM!!!

¡¡¡NO A FELIPE VI!!!

¡¡¡QUEREMOS DECIDIR!!!

¡¡¡BIPARTIDISMO = MÁS DE LO MISMO!!!

¡¡¡NUEVO CICLO POLÍTICO EN ESPAÑA!!!

 ¡NI CORONA, NI HEREDERO, LA DEMOCRACIA SOMOS EL PUEBLO!

Proclamas Republicanas:

 •Lo pide el pueblo, lo quiere la gente, referéndum monarquía y nueva constituyente!/    •Los Borbones confiscados, y sus millones pa´ los parados!/  •Ya llegó la hora, República Española!/  •Jaque mate, jaque mate, jaque mate!/  •Referéndum, referéndum, referéndum!/  •Con Urdangarín, la monarquía llega a su fin!/  •Ni corona ni herederos, la democracia somos el pueblo!/ •Democracia coronada, democracia envenenada!/  •Democracia coronada, democracia secuestrada!/  •Ola, Ola, Ola, República Española!/  •Basta de gorrones, fuera los  Borbones!/  •Bota, bota, bota, monarquía a la picota!/ •El clamor popular, República Federal!•  

¡PÁSALO!

 

The cost of the monarchy in Spain

familia-real-espanola-marivent-2007

The Bourbon family at Marivent Palace, Mallorca, on theirs hollidays in the summer of 2007.

How much costs Spanish Monarchy? Some reflections

In most of the riots protesting for the social cuts, we constantly see republican flags. The feeling of the population shows that constant cuts in social spending, in areas like health, education and others, which generate so much suffering in the population, are not compatible with the uncontrolled spending produced by the royal family. Feelings  which link to our desire for a more mature and more real democracy.

 In fact, these are the two most powerful reasons which citizenship uses as arguments for the end of the monarchy: its high cost, and the democratic deficit which involves this system.

Let’s start with the cost. According to Amadeo Martinez Inglés,   http://www.unidadcivicaporlarepublica.es/index.php/monarquia/las-cuentas-del-rey/3333-561654350-euros-coste-real-de-la-monarquia-espanola, monarchy costs a total of 561 654 350 Euros.  A higher quantity than the official one. This high cost can be legal, but it is absolutely immoral. Because that money comes from the taxes, belongs to taxpayer. All of us pay our taxes, which are increasingly high, indeed. Therefore, it is inadmissible that so much money is intended to the waste of a family, whose only merit is being Borbon, being made inherit by Franco´s dictatorship.

Monarchy officially costs around 8 million Euros per year, but unofficially it costs much more. Besides the official cost, different ministries have to pay some expenses. Defense pays for security, Foreign pays some travels, and the same happens with other charges. All these evidences are the ones that create outrage within population, which demands changes. On one hand these people ask for royal family being included in the so-called “transparency law”. On the other hand they ask for a democratic process carrying a Republican state.

Due to the current wave of cuts that citizens are suffering, support a family which only spends money, is disgraceful, immoral and unacceptable. How can the chief of state spend money, and at the same time realize the suffering of the population? It is lawful? In my view, like that of the thousands of Republican voices, the answer is a resounding no.

The second reason that we have put forward for the end of the monarchy is the democratic deficit inherent to this state model. It is true that republican system is not always the same as democracy (examples like Nazism, the Latin American dictatorships in the 70s, or Stalinism, give us proof of this). But monarchy always means inequality. And the monarchy is a problem to consolidate a modern and democratic state, even within the so- called “parliamentary monarchy”. Moreover, in Spain, where the current chief of state, the king, was designed by a dictator, Franco, and he has lived in the shadow of a metanarrative of transition which named him as a democratic person. But this metanarrative is not valid for the new Spanish generation, which asks for answers, breaking the agreement made during the transition. There is a generation gap.

Now we just need this population republican feeling expressed in demands for betterment of society, being expressed as a political proposal. A proposal for a  republican state.

Sara Orellán
@saraorellan

 http://tribunaretorno.blogspot.com.es/

 

15M Movement – Proposals

NI - NI                          Young people have no confidence in the two major parties.  May be the end of the two-party system in Spain?

15M – Consensus Assembly Sun May 20, 2011

The following contains a set of proposals that synthesize the thousands that were collected by the Assembly held on May 20, 2011 in Camping Sol (Madrid).

As a result of the consensus reached at the Assembly held on May 20, 2011 in CAMPING SOL (Madrid), and as a result of the compilation and synthesis of the thousands of proposals received along these days, has developed an initial list of proposals. We recall that the Assembly is an open and collaborative process. This list should not be regarded as closed.

Proposals approved in the Assembly today May 20, 2011 in CAMPING SOL (Madrid).

1. Changing the Electoral Act so that the lists are open and single constituency. Obtaining seats should be proportional to the number of votes.

2. Attention to the basic and fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution such as:

2.1 Right to adequate housing , articulating a reform of the Mortgage Act for the delivery of housing in the event of default debt cancellation.

2.2 Public health , free and universal.

2.3 Free movement of persons and strengthening of a public education and secular.

3. Abolition of discriminatory and unjust laws and measures such as the Law of the Bologna Process and the European Higher Education, the Aliens Act and the so-called Sinde Law .

4. Favorable tax reform to lower incomes, reform estate taxes and probate. Implementing the Tobin tax , which is levied on international financial transfers and elimination of tax havens .

5. Reform of the working conditions of the political class for their salaries Abolish lifetime. Programs and policy proposals are binding.

6. Rejection and condemnation of corruption. That is required by the Electoral Act present a clean and free of lists accused or convicted of corruption .

7. Measures plural with respect to banking and financial markets in accordance with Article 128 of the Constitution, which states that “all the wealth of the country in its different forms and whatever its ownership subordinated to the general interest.” Reducing the power of the IMF   and the ECB . Immediate   nationalization  of all the banks that have had to be rescued by the state. Tougher   controls on financial institutions and operations to prevent abuses in any form.

8. Real separation between the Church and the State, as required by Article 16 of the Constitution.

9. Participatory democracy and direct in which citizens take an active part. Access to popular media , to be ethical and truthful.

10. True regularization of working conditions and compliance is monitored by state powers.

11. Closure of all nuclear power plants and the promotion of renewable energies and free.

12. Recovery of public enterprises privatized.

13. Effective separation of executive, legislative and judicial branches.

14. Reduction in military spending , immediate closure of arms factories and greater control of the security forces and the state. As we in the peace movement “No to war”.

15. Recovery of Historical Memory and the founding principles of the struggle for democracy in our state.

16. Total transparency of accounts and financing of political parties as a measure of containment of political corruption.

 

TOP 21 – SPAIN XXI CENTURY:

To give an overview, a list of the 20 most frequent groups of proposals within a total of 14,679 proposals presented below:

  1. Abolition of privileges of politicians : 741
  2. Reform of the electoral law (not the law Hondt and districts ): 628
  3. Measures against corruption (including more control and increased penalties ): 624
  4. Public Education 551
  5. Improving the working conditions of workers : 475
  6. Regulation of banking and financial system (including bank nationalization -111 – and payment in -100 -): 434
  7. Strategies for sustainable energy : 352
  8. Direct democracy via public participation , referendums and Legislative Initiatives Popular : 330
  9. Strategies for sustainable mobility : 297
  10. Housing decent and affordable: 272
  11. Open electoral rolls : 246
  12. Public health : 244
  13. Protection and animal rights : 238
  14. Pro-public company (not including privatization and nationalization of private enterprises or privatized ): 214
  15. Measures to ensure political accountability : 195
  16. Secular education : 158
  17. Remove the monarchy : 128
  18. Separation of powers : 119
  19. Regulation of wages higher: 119
  20. Requiring political requirements : 116
  21. Transparency in administration: 105

 

See Link: